A Gynecologist is a specialized type of Doctor. Also known as: Obstetrics Gynecology MD, Obstetrics Gynecology Physician, OB/GYN Physician, Obstetrics and Gynecology Physician, Physician Gynecologist, OB/GYN, Obstetrician/Gynecologist.
A gynecologist is a medical doctor that specializes in women's reproductive systems. Separate doctors that specialize in treating women have existed for centuries, and these ancient specialists are the forefathers of today's gynecological doctors and researchers. Gynecologists are often at the forefront of debates over women's health and healthcare. While a general physician may be able to pinpoint and treat minor women's health issues, the expert opinions of gynecologists are absolutely necessary when it comes to certain aspects of women's health.
A gynecologist performs a variety of tests and exams focused on women's health. Gynecologists are responsible for performing the standard yearly exam on adult women to ensure their reproductive health. During this exam, the doctor will physically examine the woman, perform a pap smear, perform STD tests, complete a breast exam, and monitor the woman's use of birth control. Gynecologists are also sometimes certified as obstetricians, and will monitor the health of the mother and the fetus during a pregnancy.
In addition to the above, a gynecologist must also monitor some of the same medical conditions in women as her general practitioner. For example, if a woman has diabetes, her gynecological specialist must inform her of how her disease is impacting her reproductive organs. Gynecologists also diagnose problems that women may be having with their reproductive organs, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome or cervical cancer. They may also check for vaginal infections and urinary tract infections in women complaining of lower abdominal pain or sexual pain. Gynecologists also perform minor surgeries on women's reproductive organs, such as tube tying.
Gynecologists are generally self-employed physicians who own their own practice, or partner in a practice with other gynecologists. Some are employed by hospitals, state agencies, and charitable organizations. Still others work in colleges and universities doing research or are professors in university medical programs.
All gynecologists work in either a medical or an educational field, sometimes both. Gynecologists are needed throughout the world, and the demand for doctors in this profession is only growing. In the US alone, the job market for gynecologists is expected to grow 24% over the next decade. Most gynecologists report that they enjoy their work, however, many also report that their work is stressful and takes a lot of time away from their family and social life.
A gynecologist treats the overall health of their female patients, treating problems and diseases of the female reproductive system such as breast and hormonal problems, urinary tract and pelvic disorders, and cancer of the cervix. Most often than not, a gynecologist is an obstetrician as well.
Considering the intimate nature of their work, a gynecologist needs to have patience when talking to their patients. They need to ask leading questions in a respectful and compassionate way in order to get the patient to open up and fully discuss what the issue is.
Embarrassment can prevent many women from fully discussing their issues with the doctor, be it a teenager or an elderly woman. Therefore, building trust with the patient is imperative, as this will allow the patient to divulge private issues more easily. Trust is gained by really listening to what the patient is saying, paying close attention to even the smallest details of the patient's problem and being thorough in the research.
No matter how many times the gynecologist has heard the same problem or the same symptoms, she needs to remember that to the individual it is a major concern, and needs to listen in a sympathetic and compassionate manner.
An advantage to becoming a gynecologist is that employment for gynecologists is projected to grow by 18 percent between 2012 and 2022, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. There are a variety of job locations to choose from - private practice, hospitals, health organizations, and clinics. Another advantage is that one gets to choose a specialty in a particular area, such as fertility, or gynecological cancer, or obstetrics, which can provide different challenges in a career should one wish to try something new.
The disadvantages to being a gynecologist come with the nature of the job. Working as a gynecologist does have some level of stress. At times, you may need to share unfortunate news with a patient and their family, such as a cancer diagnosis or a pregnancy complication of some sort. If obstetrics is the chosen specialty, there will be many middle of the night and weekend calls to the hospital to deliver a baby. After several years of disrupted sleep, this lifestyle may start to wear a bit thin.
Source & Credit:https://www.sokanu.com/careers/gynecologist/
They deal with a wide range of issues, including obstetrics, or pregnancy and childbirth, menstruation and fertility issues, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), hormone disorders, and others.
Here are some key points about gynecologists. More detail is in the main article.
A visit to the gynecologist is recommended for annual screening and any time a woman has concerns about symptoms such as pelvic, vulvar, and vaginal pain or abnormal bleeding from the uterus.
Conditions commonly treated by gynecologists include:
Gynecologists in the India frequently offer both gynecological and general health care, including preventive medicine for women and diagnosis and treatment of issues such as headache, low back pain, mood changes, and acne.
They may also treat:
Preventive medicine may include lifestyle advice about issues such as smoking cessation and weight loss.
A gynecologist can treat a girl or a woman at any age. Government recommend starting to visit a gynecologist from the age of 13 to 15 years.
Building up a relationship with the doctor enables a girl or woman to be more comfortable asking questions about menstruation, sexuality and so on, and provides a point of contact if symptoms occur in future.
It also gives the doctor a chance to guide a woman's overall welfare in the long term, through counseling on important health and lifestyle issues.
What happens at the gynecologist's depends on the reason for the visit and the individual's situation.
If it is a young woman's first visit, she may just have a chat with the doctor, get some general health information, and find out what to expect in the future.
An honest account of your health concerns and lifestyle gives the gynecologist a better idea of your situation and enables them to help you more.
A gynecological examination, including a pap smear, may be uncomfortable, but it is not usually painful.
Bodily odor is natural. If it indicates a problem, the gynecologist needs to know.
If you have a period when the appointment is scheduled, you can still go ahead with the visit, but it may be better to postpone, unless you have symptoms that need urgent attention.
It is best to avoid sexual activity, using a vaginal douche, or using tampons for 2 days before a gynecological examination.
A patient can ask to have someone with them at the visit, either in the room or outside the door.
The Government recommend visiting a gynecologist at least once a year for an annual checkup.
screening, evaluation and advice
immunizations based on age and risk factors
a physical examination, which will include measuring standard vital signs, body mass index, palpating the abdomen and inguinal lymph nodes, and assessing overall health
a pelvic examination and a breast examination, as appropriate for the patient's age
You may have to give a blood or urine sample for a screening test.
Regular visits to a well-woman clinic enable the individual to keep up to date on how to maintain a healthy lifestyle and minimize health risks at each age.
Other yearly health assessments can include mammography, colonoscopy, blood pressure monitoring, immunizations, and advice about calcium and folic acid intake.
Government-certified gynecologists are trained to carry out certain diagnostic and surgical procedures.
pap smear tests
colposcopy, a microscopic examination of the cervix
endometrial biopsy, or taking a sample from the lining of the uterus
hysteroscopy, the use of an endoscope to see into the uterus
Surgical tasks include:
laparoscopy, a keyhole abdominal procedure. for both diagnostic and surgical purposes
minor surgery, for example, sterilization
major surgery, for example, removing fibroids in the uterus
postoperative care, including treating complications
They can also become involved with other surgical conditions, such as small bowel obstruction.
Source & Credit: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/288354.php